Experiencing an exponential rise of COVID-19 related security cases during the pandemic, International SOS sheds light on three emerging security challenges. These are alongside underlying security issues that the pandemic environment has and will continue to exacerbate.
Udit Mehta, a geopolitical and crisis management expert who serves as the Executive Vice President for International SOS added “India and more broadly South Asia is a key market for International SOS member organisations and the pandemonium that surrounds the pandemic is likely to further escalate in coming months.”
“One major challenge unique to India remains our governance framework that alludes to a critical need for credible Situational Intelligence as various states and districts implement distinct COVID-19 linked regulations impacting mobility and business continuity.”
“The ongoing movement of our migrant workforce amid increasing socio-economic stresses, enhanced pressures on state infrastructure as we approach the monsoon season coupled with traditional geopolitical risks are going to be a test of our combined resilience and several measures are in order for both private and government organisations to mitigate these challenges.”
Emerging Security Risks:
- Social unrest and petty crime – the severe worldwide economic downturn as a result of large-scale and prolonged restrictions on mobility, disruption to production and supply chains, and closure of businesses, will lead to a rise in social unrest and petty crime in certain locations
- Anti-government sentiment – will be driven by perceived poor governmental responses to the pandemic as well as high unemployment levels, potentially prompting unrest or challenges to leadership, particularly in locations with polarised societies or those with major political oppositions.
- Xenophobia – an increase in nationalistic trends has already been accompanied by a rise in xenophobia in some locations, targeted at those who are falsely seen as spreading the virus or having privileged access to medicine and food supplies.
Exacerbated underlying or pre-existing security risks include:
- Political violence, including terrorism, insurgency, politically motivated unrest and war
- Social unrest, including sectarian, communal and ethnic violence
- Violent and petty crime
- The effectiveness of the security and law enforcement services